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The Ecumenical Synods of the Orthodox Church: A Concise History

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Reverend Dr. James Thornton






“An important, extremely valuable, and long-awaited work on the Œcumenical Synods from an Orthodox perspective, analyzing them, in historical sequence, as an expression of the living Faith of the Early Christian Church, which Faith they and Orthodoxy reflect and embody. Written with scholarly acuity but in language and in a style that make it available to the average reader, Father James’ newest book is a virtual primer of Orthodox theology and history and a truly recherché volume from a fine writer.”
—Archbishop Chrysostomos of Etna

Introduction: The Œcumenical Synods

Chapter 1: The First Œcumenical Synod
The First Synod of Nicea, May 20 – August 25, 325

Chapter 2: The Second Œcumenical Synod
The First Synod of Constantinople, June 22 – July 22, 381

Chapter 3: The Third Œcumenical Synod
The Synod of Ephesus, June 22 – Jul 22, 431

Chapter 4: The Fourth Œcumenical Synod
The Synod of Chalcedon, October 8 – 31, 451

Chapter 5: The Fifth Œcumenical Synod
The Second Synod of Constantinople, May 5 – June 2, 553

Chapter 6: The Sixth Œcumenical Synod
The Third Synod of Constantinople, November 7, 680 – September 16, 681

Chapter 7: The Seventh Œcumenical Synod
The Second Synod of Nicea, September 24 – October 13, 787

Chapter 8: Other Synods of Œcumenical Importance
The Quinisext Synod of 692
The Synod of Constantinople of 879 – 880
The Palamite Synods of 1342, 1347 and 1351
The Synods of Constantinople of 1583,1587 and 1593
The Synod of Iasi of 1642 and the Synod of Jerusalem of 1672

Appendix A
Saint Gregory Palamas on the Œcumenical Synods: A Confession of the Orthodox Faith 

Appendix B
Saint Nicholas of Žiča on the Œcumenical Synods: A Reflection for July 16 

Appendix C
Hieromonk Seraphim of Platina on the Œcumenical Synods: A Compilation of the Œcumenical Synods


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